Ⅰ.Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard.
1. According to the passage, what does “Mozart effect” mean?
A. The influence of Mozart on the modern life.
B. The influence of music on the modern life.
C. Listening to Mozart’s music can make children smarter.
D. Listening to music can make children smarter.
2. Which of the following is true of the so-called “Mostly Mozart” festivals?
A. They were initiated to celebrate the birthday of Mozart.
B. They were initiated in memory of Mozart.
C. They originated in New York.
D. They are popular only in some limited areas.
3. Which of the following is NOT true of Mozart?
A. He was very smart as a boy.
B. He learned to play the piano from his father.
C. His father was an ordinary music teacher.
D. He composed his first piece of music at five.
4. Mozart wrote his first opera_____.
A. when he was 13 B. in 1781
C. when he was 24 D. at the age of 35
5. Mozart’s works include _____ symphonies and _____ piano concertos.
A. 41; 26 B. 54; 27 C. 41; 27 D. 54; 26
Ⅱ. True or False questions. Write a“T”in front of a statement if it is true according to the passage and write an“F”if it is false.
___1) Mozart is the most admired modern composer.
___2) Mozart was born in Australia.
___3) Mozart was a very successful composer in his lifetime.
___4) Mozart died early and poor.
3. Picasso 毕加索
Pablo Picasso was the first artist to enjoy the attention of the mass media. No artist, not even Michelangelo, was as famous in his own lifetime as Picasso was. More than famous, Picasso was the most influential artist of the twentieth century.
As a boy in Spain, Picasso was regarded as a genius. But it wasn’t until 1906, when he was twenty-five years old that he created a work that would revolutionize painting, les Demoiselles d’Avingon. In the painting, Picasso fragments his subject matter into planes that appear as sharp, geometric shapes applying principles he would continue to explore with Georges Braque for several years. Critics derided the angular images and dubbed Picasso and Braque “Cubists.” Today, Cubism is considered the most influential art movement of the early twentieth century.
Picasso considered painting “an instrument of war against brutality and darkness.” He used that instrument most famously in Guernica, which expresses the artist’s revulsion at the bombing of the Basque capitol during the Spanish civil war.
As a sculptor, Picasso was one of the first artists to recycle junk into art. His Head of Bull, Metamorphosis was created from the seat and handlebars of a bicycle.
When Picasso died in 1973, the world lost an artistic genius whose like will never been seen again.
Pablo Picasso 毕加索（1881--1973）西班牙画家、雕刻家、立体主义画派主要代表，其作品对西方现代艺术有深远影响。
Ⅰ. Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard.
1. Picasso was born in ___
- 1873 B. 1879 C. 1881 D. Not mentioned
2. Picasso revolutionized painting at the age of ___.
- 20 B. 25 C. 26 D. 35
3. According to the passage, “Cubism” is ___.
A. a special way of painting in which fragments of the subject are put together in a random way
B. a special way of painting in which solid bodies with six equal square sides are presented
C. a special style of painting in which geometrical shapes are presented
D. a style of painting in which objects are presented so that they appear to be largely of geometrical shapes
4. Which of the following is true of Picasso’s opinion on painting?
A .He thought painting was an instrument to make life better.
B. He believed painting as a tool for realizing one’s goals.
C. He considered painting an instrument to fight against brutality and darkness.
D. He reckoned painting as a way to express his feelings towards the bombing of the Basque in the Spanish civil war.
Ⅱ.True or False questions.
__1) Picasso was the first artist to enjoy the attention of the mass media.
__2) Picasso was more famous in his lifetime than was Michelangelo.
__3) Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.
__4) Cubism is the most influential art movement in the mid-20th century.