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作者:陈环 文章来源:本站原创 点击数: 更新时间:2007-5-25 14:49:26

 

Listening Practice:             1. Michelangelo

Despite his many talents, he always considered himself, above all a sculptor. And that is how Michelangelo first gained his reputation. In 1504, he was commissioned to create a colossal statue of David, the Hebrew shepherd who slew a giant with a single stone from his slingshot.

  Four years later he was on his back, working in extremely cramped conditions, painting a fresco twenty meters above the floor. The Sistine Chapel ceiling, commissioned by Pope Julius the Second, took Michelangelo four years to complete. Since its unveiling in 1512, the ceiling, which depicts scenes from the biblical book of Genesis, has been regarded as one of the greatest masterpieces of all time.

  With his completion of the Sistine ceiling, Michelangelo was regarded as the greatest living artist in Renaissance Europe. He was only thirty-seven. He would continue to maintain that position throughout his life, and prove to be a gifted architect as well by designing Saint Peter’s basilica before his death in 1564, at the age of eighty-nine. The cathedral stands as the symbol of the Roman Catholic Church.

Michelangelo 米开朗琪罗(1475-1564)意大利文艺复兴盛期雕刻家、建筑师和诗人,主要作品有雕像《大卫》、《摩西》、壁画《最后的审判》及建筑设计罗马圣彼得大教堂圆顶等。

Exercises I. Choose the best abswer.

(    ) 1. Why did Michelangelo consider himself first of all a sculptor ?

      A. Because he thought his talent in sculpture was the greatest.

      B. Because he believed his skill in sculpture was the best.

      C. Because he liked sculpture the best.

      D. Because he gained his reputation first as a sculptor.

(    ) 2. Which of the following is true of David ?

      A. He was a Hebrew shepherd.                 B. He was a giant.

      C. He killed a giant with a shot.                  D. He threw a giant away.

(    ) 3. According to the passage, Michelangelo began to work on the fresco on the Sistine Chapel ceiling in ______.

      A. 1504                                             B. 1508

      C. 1512                                             D. 1516

(    ) 4. Michelangelo was all of the following except ______.

      A. a sculptor                                       B. a painter

      C. an architect                                  D. a musician

 

II. True or False questions.

(    ) 1. Michelangelo is considered one of the greatest western artists.

(    ) 2. Michelangelo’s masterpiece, the Sistine Chapel ceiling, has been regarded as the greatest masterpiece of all time.

(    ) 3. After the completion of the Sistine ceiling, Michelangelo became the greatest living artist in Europe.

(    ) 4. Michelangelo’s last work was St. Peter’s basilica which still stands as the symbol of the Roman Catholic Church.

(    ) 5. From the completion of the Sistine ceiling till his death, Michelangelo remained to be the greatest living artist in Renaissance Europe.

 

2Mozart  莫扎特

The music of the 18th century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart is probably admired more than any other classical composer. Today,207 years after his death, Mozart’s name is in newspaper headlines: such as the debate over whether listening to the composer’s music makes children smarter, dubbed the “Mozart effect”—or reports on the highly popular “Mostly Mozart” festivals, which originated in New York—and have been widely copied in other cities.

    Born in Salzburg, Austria in 1756’ Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was a child prodigy, who learned to play the harpsichord and violin from his father, Leopold, himself an accomplished musician. Young Wolfgang began composing music at the age of five, and by 13, he had written symphonies and concertos. Mozart wrote his first symphonies and 27 piano concertos, as well as such great operas as The Marriage of Figaro and Don Giovanni.

    Often struggling to win financial support from patrons, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart died at the age of 35 and was buried in a pauper’s grave. Yet his musical influence remains strong today.

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart  莫扎特 (1756--1791)  奥地利作曲家,维也纳古典乐派主要代表,主要作品有歌剧 《费加罗的婚礼》 《唐璜》、 《魔笛》 及交响乐协奏曲室内乐等。

Exercises

.Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard.

1. According to the passage, what does “Mozart effect” mean?

A. The influence of Mozart on the modern life.

B. The influence of music on the modern life.

C. Listening to Mozart’s music can make children smarter.

D. Listening to music can make children smarter.

 

2. Which of the following is true of the so-called “Mostly Mozart” festivals?

A. They were initiated to celebrate the birthday of Mozart.

B. They were initiated in memory of Mozart.

C. They originated in New York.

D. They are popular only in some limited areas.

 

3. Which of the following is NOT true of Mozart?

A. He was very smart as a boy.

B. He learned to play the piano from his father.

C. His father was an ordinary music teacher.

D. He composed his first piece of music at five.

 

4. Mozart wrote his first opera_____.

A. when he was 13                       B. in 1781

C. when he was 24                       D. at the age of 35

 

5. Mozart’s works include _____ symphonies and _____ piano concertos.

A. 41; 26       B. 54; 27        C. 41; 27       D. 54; 26

 

. True or False questions. Write aTin front of a statement if it is true according to the passage and write anFif it is false.

___1) Mozart is the most admired modern composer.

___2) Mozart was born in Australia.

___3) Mozart was a very successful composer in his lifetime.

___4) Mozart died early and poor.

3. Picasso  毕加索

Pablo Picasso was the first artist to enjoy the attention of the mass media. No artist, not even Michelangelo, was as famous in his own lifetime as Picasso was. More than famous, Picasso was the most influential artist of the twentieth century.

As a boy in Spain, Picasso was regarded as a genius. But it wasn’t until 1906, when he was twenty-five years old that he created a work that would revolutionize painting, les Demoiselles d’Avingon. In the painting, Picasso fragments his subject matter into planes that appear as sharp, geometric shapes applying principles he would continue to explore with Georges Braque for several years. Critics derided the angular images and dubbed Picasso and Braque “Cubists.” Today, Cubism is considered the most influential art movement of the early twentieth century.

Picasso considered painting “an instrument of war against brutality and darkness.” He used that instrument most famously in Guernica, which expresses the artist’s revulsion at the bombing of the Basque capitol during the Spanish civil war.

As a sculptor, Picasso was one of the first artists to recycle junk into art. His Head of Bull, Metamorphosis was created from the seat and handlebars of a bicycle.

When Picasso died in 1973, the world lost an artistic genius whose like will never been seen again.

Pablo Picasso   毕加索(1881--1973)西班牙画家雕刻家、立体主义画派主要代表,其作品对西方现代艺术有深远影响。

Exercises

. Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard. 

1. Picasso was born in ___

  1. 1873  B. 1879  C. 1881  D. Not mentioned

2. Picasso revolutionized painting at the age of ___.

  1. 20  B. 25  C. 26  D. 35

 

3. According to the passage, “Cubism” is ___.

 A. a special way of painting in which fragments of the subject are put together in a random way

B. a special way of painting in which solid bodies with six equal square sides are presented

C. a special style of painting in which geometrical shapes are presented

D. a style of painting in which objects are presented so that they appear to be largely of geometrical shapes

 

4. Which of the following is true of Picasso’s opinion on painting?

A .He thought painting was an instrument to make life better.

B. He believed painting as a tool for realizing one’s goals.

C. He considered painting an instrument to fight against brutality and darkness.

D. He reckoned painting as a way to express his feelings towards the bombing of the Basque in the Spanish civil war.

 

.True or False questions.

__1) Picasso was the first artist to enjoy the attention of the mass media.

__2) Picasso was more famous in his lifetime than was Michelangelo.

__3) Picasso was one of the most influential artists of the 20th century.

__4) Cubism is the most influential art movement in the mid-20th century.

 

 

文章录入:陈环    责任编辑:陈永恒 
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