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作者:陈环 文章来源:本站原创 点击数: 更新时间:2007-6-5 18:07:08
 

4.Johann Strauss, Jr. “The Waltz King”   小施特劳斯

I. Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard.

1.       The word “waltz” comes from ___________.

A. English    B. German     C. Austrian      D. Hungarian

  2.  Johann’s father tried to suppress his talent in waltz because ___________.

     A. he thought waltz couldn’t be a promising career for him

     B. he believed Johann couldn’t do well in waltz

     C. he wanted Johann to be an accountant

     D. he was afraid Johann might surpass him in music

  3.  Which of the following is NOT true of Johann Strauss Jr.?

     A. He was trained as an accountant in his early teenage years.

     B. He did as his father wished since when he was still young.

     C. After 19, he built his own band and wrote waltzes.

     D. He finally surpassed his father in popularity.

  4.  Johann Senior was all of the following EXCEPT (a) ___________.

     A. the Waltz King     B. composer      C. conductor

     D. Imperial Music Director of the Austro-Hungarian Empire

 

II. True or False questions. Write a “T” in front of a statement if it is true according to the passage and write an “F” if it is false.

  ______1) Waltz became known to Central Europe in the 19th century.

  ______2) Strauss Jr. began writing waltz music at the age of five.

  ______3) Strauss Jr. had three brothers.

  ______4) Strauss Jr. brought his orchestra around Europe and to America.

  ______5) Strauss Jr. was the world’s first pop music superstar.

听力原文:

The English word, “waltz”, comes from the German word “walzen”, which means “to revolve”. The whirling dance shocked polite society when it was introduced to central Europe around the turn of the 19th century.

      The waltz soon became the most popular dance form. The man who popularized it --- who started writing waltz music at the age of six --- was Johann Strauss, Junior, of Vienna. Johann clearly had a gift, but his father tried to suppress it.

      Johann Strauss, Senior, Vienna’s preeminent composer and conductor in the 1830’s and forties, simply didn’t want any competition, certainly not from any of his three sons. He insisted Johann, Junior, train as an accountant.

      In his early teenage years, the young man did what his father said. Then, at the age of 19, he rebelled. The younger Strauss got his own band, wrote his own waltzes, and surpassed his father in popularity. He was met by adoring, squealing fans wherever he performed and took his orchestra all over Europe and to the United States.

      Johann Strauss, Junior, was the world’s first pop music superstar. His work was prolific: hundreds of compositions included waltzes like The Blue Danube and Tales from the Vienna Woods. His father had once held the title, Imperial Music Director of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, but the younger Strauss came to be known worldwide as “The Waltz King”.

 

5 Chaucer’s The Canterbury Tales  乔叟

Vocabulary

Geoffrey Chaucer  乔叟 (1340?-1400) 英国诗人,其代表作<<坎特伯雷故事集>>反映了14实际英国社会各阶层的生活面貌,体现了人文主义思想.

 

Exercises

I Choose the best answer according to the passage you’ve just heard.

1 The Canterbury Tales is ___________.

  A  a collection of fairy tales.

  B  a collection of stories written mostly in rhymed couples

  C  the most famous poem in world literature

  D  an important epic in British literature

2 The Canterbury Tales includes ________ lines.

  A 17,000      B 13,000      C 1,700      D 1,300

3 The tales were written in a dialect that reflected _______ as England’s official language.

  A the rise of English            B the rise of French 

C the demise of English         D the demise of French, Flemish and Italian

4 The tales describe _______.

  A how a band of traveling characters lived their lives

  B how a group of pilgrims meet and set off to Canterbury

  C five quarrelsome marriages of a wife of Bath

  D a parson’s sermon on the seven deadly sins

5 The tales ________.

  A only serve as good examples of human virtue

  B show relation between the individual the church

  C stand as a useful source for the studies of human nature

  D are a revealing portrait of English life in the early middle ages

 

II True or False questions. Write a “T” in front of a statement if it is true according to the passage and write an “F” if it is false.

____ 1) Around 1487, Geoffrey Chaucer began writing his most celebrated works, the Canterbury Tales.

____ 2) Stories in the Canterbury Tales are mostly pious and romantic.

____ 3) The tale of the wife of Bath is the most famous story in the tales.

____ 4) Stories in the tales represent the situation of the then English society.

____5) The passage mainly talks about Chaucer’s masterpiece, The Canterbury Tales.

 

听力原文:

The Canterbury Tales, one of the major poetic works of world literature. Around 1387, English poet Geoffrey Chaucer began creating a band of traveling characters still familiar to readers today. The Canterbury Tales is a story collection of 17,000 lines told mostly in rhymed couplets. Although the tales draw on French, Flemish and Italian models, they were written in a dialect that reflected the rise of English and demise of French as England’s official language.

 The tales describe how a group of pilgrims meet London and set off for the shrine of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury. Each pilgrim is invited to tell stories along the way, with results ranging from the worldly and comic to pious and romantic. Among the most famous are the tale of the wife of Bath, who describes her five quarrelsome marriages, and the parson’s sermon on the seven deadly sins. The storytellers represent a cross-section of English society, and their tales serve as examples of both human virtue and vice. They also show the link between personal wrongdoing and church and other social institutions.

Geoffrey Chaucer died in 1400, before finishing the Canterbury Tales. The stories he left behind have been hailed as both timeless studies of human nature and a revealing portrait of English life in the late middle ages.

 

 

 

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